Maafe (tiga dèguè na) is a very popular dish in Mali and other African countries. Maafe refers to a sauce made from peanut paste or peanut butter, and by extension the dish itself. It is a sort of stew.
Traditionally prepared with meat or fish, I propose here a version with vegetables. This recipe is easy, it just needs some time for the sauce to simmer and thicken as it cooks.
It can be served with rice or a mixture of cereals for example.
Maafe with vegetables (vegan peanut stew)
- 500 g sweet potatoes
- 500 g squash e.g. butternut or pumpkin
- 200 g carrots
- 2 tbsp tomato paste
- 1 onion yellow or red
- 2 or 3 cloves of garlic
- 600 ml vegetable stock
- 3 tbsp peanut paste or peanut butter
- 1 tsp fresh ginger
- 1 tsp turmeric
- 2 bay leaves
- Dried or ground chilli optional – you can also use smoked paprika
- Cut the onion into strips and chop the garlic and ginger.
- Remove the skin from the sweet potatoes and eventually the squash and clean the vegetables, then cut them into medium-sized pieces.
- Heat a small amount of oil (olive or sunflower) in a casserole or large saucepan. Brown the onion over a low heat and stir from time to time. After 5 minutes, add the garlic and ginger and fry for another 5 minutes.
- Meanwhile, prepare about 600 ml of vegetable stock.
- Add the tomato paste and turmeric and optionally the chilli. Mix well and heat for 2 minutes.
- Add the vegetables, mix again and cover the vegetables with the stock.
- Add the bay leaves and simmer uncovered for 20 minutes, stirring occasionally.
- Mix the peanut paste with hot water.
- After 20 minutes of cooking, add the diluted peanut paste. Stir vigorously and cook again without a lid for a good 20 to 30 minutes.
- Check that the vegetables are cooked with the tip of a knife: the flesh should be melting. The sauce should also thicken. It will continue to thicken after cooking if you prepare the maafe in advance and let it cool.